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Canon 5D Mark II, 7D, 5D and Nikon D300 Comparison
© 2010 KenRockwell.com. All rights reserved.

Intro   Images   Analysis   Teknik   Recommendations

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August 2010     More Nikon Reviews   Canon   Leica   Pentax

 

Canon 5D Mark II Review

21MP Full-frame

Canon 7D Review

18MP 1.6x

Canon 5D Review

12MP Full-frame

Nikon D300 Review

12MP DX/1.5x

Feature Comparison Table

 

Introduction         top

Intro   Images   Analysis   Teknik   Recommendations

Let's compare the technical performance of the Canon 5D Mark II, Canon 7D, Canon 5D and Nikon D300 at various ISOs.

This will show us both the high-ISO performance, as well as the relative definition, resolution, clarity and image cleanliness of each camera.

On most computer monitors at 100 DPI, these are small sections from what would be gallery-sized 56 x 37" (140 x 95cm) prints, if printed in their entirety. At smaller sizes, these differences would be much less obvious.

These are crops from same-size prints of the same subject shot from the same place with the same equivalent focal length.

You may click any image to get to that camera's detailed review.

 

ISO 50         50   100   200   400   800   1,600   3,200   6,400   12,800   25,600      top

Canon 5D Mark II Canon 5D

(Only the Canon 5D Mark II and Canon 5D go to ISO 50.)

 

ISO 100       50   100   200   400   800   1,600   3,200   6,400   12,800   25,600      top

Canon 5D Mark II Canon 7D
Canon 5D Nikon D300

 

ISO 200       50   100   200   400   800   1,600   3,200   6,400   12,800   25,600      top

Canon 5D Mark II Canon 7D
Canon 5D Nikon D300

 

ISO 400       50   100   200   400   800   1,600   3,200   6,400   12,800   25,600      top

Canon 5D Mark II Canon 7D
Canon 5D Nikon D300

 

ISO 800       50   100   200   400   800   1,600   3,200   6,400   12,800   25,600      top

Canon 5D Mark II Canon 7D
Canon 5D Nikon D300

 

ISO 1,600    50   100   200   400   800   1,600   3,200   6,400   12,800   25,600      top

Canon 5D Mark II Canon 7D
Canon 5D Nikon D300

 

ISO 3,200    50   100   200   400   800   1,600   3,200   6,400   12,800   25,600      top

Canon 5D Mark II Canon 7D
Canon 5D Nikon D300

 

ISO 6,400    50   100   200   400   800   1,600   3,200   6,400   12,800   25,600      top

Canon 5D Mark II Canon 7D
(the 5D only goes to ISO 3,200, unless pushed.)
Nikon D300

 

ISO 12,800 50   100   200   400   800   1,600   3,200   6,400   12,800   25,600      top

Canon 5D Mark II
Canon 7D

 

 

(the 5D only goes to ISO 3,200, unless pushed.)

 

 

(the D300 only goes to ISO 6,400, unless pushed.)

 

ISO 25,600 50   100   200   400   800   1,600   3,200   6,400   12,800   25,600      top

Canon 5D Mark II
(the 7D only goes to ISO 6,400, unless pushed.)

 

 

(the 5D only goes to ISO 3,200, unless pushed.)

 

 

(the D300 only goes to ISO 6,400, unless pushed.)

 

 

Analysis         top

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I see no surprises: at low ISOs, pixels count, and at high ISOs, sensor size is everything.

As expected, the Canon 5D Mark II is clearly superior to everything, as it has both a full-sized sensor and the most pixels.

Also as expected, the original Canon 5D is about the same as the Canon 7D. At lower ISOs, the Full-Frame advantage kicks in, eliminating the on-paper advantage of the 7D's 18MP versus the 5D's 12MP. At very high ISOs, the 5D's much larger sensor gives much cleaner images, while the 7D's images turn into mush.

The Nikon D300 is the worst, as expected from it's low resolution and small sensor. At high ISOs, the D300's overactive noise reduction erases most of the picture, turning the image into soft-focus garbage when seen at this large magnification.

The D300 looks bluer because that's the way its white balance just happened to be set today. I have all my Canons set to A5.

For these gallery magnifications, the highest 5-digit ISOs are just in-camera firmware tricks, not real ISOs that make real pictures. To control noise, cameras today smear and soften everything at the highest ISOs so that there isn't much picture left: just blurs with sharp edges, but no texture other then the noise itself.

What you can't see here is how the complete images, which are not shown here for security reasons, look on a 30" monitor. When you see the complete, original files instead of just these snippets, the differences become more obvious. The 5D Mark II looks a zillion times cleaner and sharper than the 7D at low ISOs, and the ISO 25,600 images looks awful!

 

Teknik         top

Intro   Images   Analysis   Teknik   Recommendations

To show all images equally, images from lower-resolution cameras were enlarged to match the highest-resolution camera, the 5D Mark II. The 5D Mark II images are shown at 100%, while the lesser cameras had their images enlarged to the same 5,616 pixels wide in Photoshop CS4 (bicubic) before cropping.

The same equivalent focal length was used for each camera. I shot with the sharpest zoom in existence, the Canon 70-200mm f/4 IS L at 116mm on the 5D Mark II and 5D. On the 7D, I shot at 71mm (116mm equivalent) to give the same picture.

On the Nikon D300, I shot the Nikon 70-300mm VR at 75mm, which is also equivalent to 116mm on full-frame.

Everything was shot at f/8 on a tripod, at a closed military optical test range with synthetic vegetation at 200 meters. Wind and thermal gradients were set to zero.

To show each camera fairly, I used complete images directly from each camera. If I had shot raw data instead, I would have needed to process each file with software to turn that data into a visible image, which also would have shown differences in each piece of software's interpretation as well as differences between cameras. Unknown to most casual users is that even if I used the same software, say Adobe Camera Raw, it processes files from different cameras somewhat differently. By using real JPGs, we can see exactly what each camera is doing. Feel free to run your own experiments with raw data if you prefer.

 

Recommendations         top

Intro   Images   Analysis   Teknik   Recommendations

Remember that these are showing large gallery prints, for which full-frame is always the right thing.

At normal print sizes, all these cameras can make swell photos, especially at low ISOs.

The 5D sells (used) for less than any of the others sell new, however, the 5D's ergonomics and LCD are awful.

The highest ISOs today aren't from advances in sensors, they are from simply applying more noise reduction that erases most of the image's textures, but give marketing departments some more silly specifications with which to try to sell more cameras. As you can see, the highest ISOs of the newer cameras look much, much worse than the lower highest ISOs of older cameras. In other words, the 5D at it's highest ISO of 3,200 looks a zillion times better than the awful image of the 5D Mark II at its artificially inflated top ISO of 25,600.

See also the Feature Comparison Table.

 

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