Nikon D3400

5 FPS, 24MP DX, 1080p

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Nikon D3400

Nikon D3400 (15.7 oz./445g with battery and card) with 18-55mm VR AF-P (about $647 with lens) bigger. It comes complete with lens at Adorama, also in red, and at B&H, also in red. It also comes as a kit with both the new 18-55mm VR AF-P and new 70-300mm DX VR AF-P lenses at Adorama, and at B&H.

This ad-free website's biggest source of support is when you use those or any of these links to my personally-approved sources when you get anything, regardless of the country in which you live. Nikon does not seal its boxes in any way, so never buy at retail or any other source not on my personally approved list since you'll have no way of knowing if you're missing accessories, getting a defective, damaged, returned, store demo or used camera. Buy only from the approved sources I use myself for the best prices, service, return policies and selection. Thanks for helping me help you! Ken.

 

August 2016   Nikon Reviews   Nikon Flash   Nikon Lenses    All Reviews

 

Nikon D3400

Top, Nikon D3400. bigger.

 

Nikon D3400

Rear, Nikon D3400. bigger.

 

Introduction

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Performance   Recommendations   More

New   Good   Bad   Missing

Adorama Pays Top Dollar for Used Gear

B&H Photo - Video - Pro Audio

I buy only from these approved sources. I can't vouch for ads below.

The Nikon D3400 is a fantastic little DSLR. It is Nikon's most advanced inexpensive super-compact DSLR ever, replacing the previous D3300. The D3400 adds a new Bluetooth system to let its images load automatically and continuously to your phone.

The D3400 includes a superb 18-55mm VR AF-P lens as shown.

The Nikon D3400 packs ultra-high image quality into a small and light package that you'll want to carry everywhere.

The D3400 is the lightest Nikon SLR or DSLR of all time at just 15.7 oz. (445g) with battery and SD card.

The D3400 weighs about as little as a LEICA screw-mount camera, and makes LEICA's M cameras, especially the newest LEICA M typ 240 at 25 oz./710g with finder, feel like pigs by comparison.

The D3400 is also very quiet and refined, a huge bonus compared to Nikon's pro cameras when shooting candidly.

While not as fast or as distracting as Nikon's professional cameras, the D3400 has more resolution than any Nikon professional DSLR ever! The D3400 has 24 MP compared to the $6,500 Nikon D5's mere 20 MP. (The D810 has more pixels, but is a consumer camera.)

The D3400 has the same 24 MP resolution of the $7,000 LEICA M typ 240 in a much smaller and more flexible package.

The Nikon D3400 is a wonderful camera for anything.

The D3400 has more than enough speed for chasing kids, school sports and theatre, and far more pixels than anyone will ever need.

You need a real DSLR like this to capture still photos of motion, sports, kids and action. Smaller non-DSLR cameras like micro 4/3, cell phones and point-and-shoots just can't focus as fast to follow all the action.

The D3400 is for people who want great pictures. More expensive cameras are for people who want fancier cameras.

While I cover all the more expensive Nikons which are of interest to hard-core photographers, when my normal friends ask what camera to get, it's always this inexpensive D3400 or the older, less expensive and almost identical D3300. The only reason I often shoot a fancier camera is that I have to go into menus to set the advanced features of the D3400, while my bigger cameras usually have dedicated knobs or buttons to let me make those adjustments more quickly. No worries, most people don't even know what these adjustments do, which is why the D3400 does away with the extra buttons to save us all money — and all the features are still there in the menu system.

 

New over the D3300

● Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) and Nikon Snapbridge app to keep the camera connected to your phone continuously for automatic picture transfers.

● ISO 100 ~ 25,600. (D3300 stopped at ISO 12,800 in normal modes.)

● Rated 1,200 shots per charge, up from 700 in D3300 — but that's because:

● Weaker flash with only half the power of the D3300 . Since CIPA battery life is rated with the flash firing half the time at full power, the weak flash of the D3400 uses much less battery power. The battery itself and actual battery life will be the same as the D3300 in real shooting since the flash fires at whatever power is needed for the correct exposure.

● No more ultrasonic sensor cleaner. I don't know if Nikon simply forgot to list this, discovered a clever way around needing one, or simply pulled it out to increase its own profits and give people a subtle reason to buy a new camera in a year or two when their D3400 gets black spots on its pictures. Only time will tell.

● 0.3 oz. (10g) lighter than the D3300.

 

Good

● Small and light — as small and light as a mirrorless for a lot less money with even better performance.

● High performance at a low price.

 

Bad

● Built-in flash only half as powerful as other cameras or the older D3300.

 

Missing

● No Mic input socket (D3300 has this.)

● No sensor cleaner (D3300 and every other current Nikon DSLR has this.)

● No GPS

● No WiFi; uses Bluetooth to send images to your phone.

Among the ways Nikon saves costs to keep the price down is to minimize the number of buttons that most D3400 users would never use anyway. Compared to a professional $6,500 Nikon D5, the things Nikon took off to save money are:

● No one-click playback zoom (pressing (+) only zooms in a little, not all the way).

● No depth-of-field preview button.

● No voice notes (used by reporters to record spoken notes with the images)

● No battery percentage number, just a three-bar battery icon.

● No auto LCD brightness control, but I never missed it.

● No easy way to set Auto ISO ON/OFF or image size etc. directly; you have to stop and look at the menus or control panels.

● The D3400's built-in flash can't work as a commander for wireless flash, but the D5 doesn't even have a flash.

● No automatic exposure bracketing (simply use the Exposure Compensation control and make sequential shots yourself).

● No HDR or multiple exposure modes, thank goodness.

● There is a Recent Settings Menu, but it doesn't have the My Menu option.

● No second memory card slot.

For $5,850 less than the D5, I think I'll live, and the D3400 has a built-in flash sorely lacking in the D5. Neither the D5 nor the D3400 has Wi-Fi or GPS, thank goodness.

 

Lens Compatibility

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Autofocus works great with modern AF-P and AF-S lenses

It works great with all kinds of lens diaphragms, both traditional and the new E-diaphragms.

With no built-in AF motor or aperture feeler for manual-focus lenses, it only autofocuses with AF-S and older professional AF-I lenses, same as Nikon's other cheap DSLRs.

Older screw-type AF and AF-D (non AF-S) lenses expose and work perfectly otherwise, but you'll have to focus them by hand.

More at Nikon Lens Compatibility.

 

Specifications

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Performance   Recommendations   More

 

Image Sensor

24 MP.

15.6 x 23.5 mm DX.

1.5:1 aspect ratio.

1.52 crop factor.

No sensor cleaner.

 

White Balance

Auto, incandescent, fluorescent (7 types), direct sunlight, flash, cloudy, shade, preset manual, all except preset manual with fine-tuning.

 

Image Sizes

6,000 × 4,000 pixels native (LARGE, 24MP).

4,496 x 3,000 (MEDIUM, 13.5MP).

2,992 x 2,000 (SMALL, 6MP).

No crop modes.

 

ISO

ISO 100 ~ 25,600 and Auto ISO.

No push or pull Hi+ or Lo- modes, just plain and simple ISO 100 ~ 25,600.

 

Active D-Lighting

 

Still Formats

JPG and/or compressed 12-bit NEF (RAW)

sRGB and Adobe RGB.

 

Video

Frame Sizes and Rates

1,920 x 1,080 at 59.94, 50, 29.97, 25 or 23.976 FPS.

1,280 x 720 at 59.94 or 50 FPS.

 

Movie File Format & Coding

.MOV containing H.264/MPEG-4 Advanced Video Coding video and linear PCM audio.

 

Longest Take Duration

29:59 at normal quality, 20 minutes at High quality.

 

Audio

Recorded only along with video.

Mono microphone built in.

No mic-in socket.

 

Autofocus

11 Points.

Nikon Multi-CAM 1000 autofocus sensor module with TTL phase detection.

Rated to work from LV -1 to +19.

AF-assist light rated to help from 1.5~12 feet (0.5 to 3 m).

 

Finder

Lightweight pentamirror.

95% coverage.

0.85x magnification with 50mm lens (smaller than FX cameras because it's 80% of a smaller area).

18 mm eyepoint.

-1.7 to + 0.5 diopters.

Type B BriteView Clear Matte Mark VII screen.

 

Shutter

Vertical metal focal-plane.

1/4,000 ~ 30 seconds in third-stop steps.

Bulb.

Time exposures with optional ML-L3 remote control.

Front and rear receivers for use with the optional ML-L3 remote control.

Flash Sync: 1/200.

Self timer: 2, 5, 10, 20 seconds with 1 to 9 exposures

 

Frame Rates

5 FPS, in manual focus and at 1/250 second or faster.

Slower shutter speeds or expecting autofocus to focus for each frame will slow it down.

 

Flash

1/200 sync speed.

i-TTL and CLS compatible.

 

Built-in Flash

Yes, pops up.

GN 22'/7m (26'/8m in manual mode) at ISO 100. (The D3300 and most other cameras are a stop better, rated GN 39/12).

Does not control wireless flash, you'll have to buy the SU-800 to work as commander.

 

External Flash

Dedicated ISO 518 hot-shoe with sync and data contacts and safety lock.

No Prontor-Compur (PC) terminal; use the built-in flash to trigger your slaves or use an AS-15 hot-shoe adapter for corded sync.

 

Light Meter

3D Color Matrix Meter II, 420 RGB pixels.

8mm center-weighted.

3.5mm spot on any of the 11 AF points.

i-TTL flash metering for use with SB-5000, SB-910, SB-900, SB-800, SB-700, SB-600, SB-400 and SB-300.

Meter Range: LV 0~20 (spot meter: LV 2~20).

 

Live View

Single-servo AF (AF-S); full-time-servo AF (AF-F) and Manual focus (MF)

Face-priority AF, Wide-area AF, Normal-area AF and Subject-tracking AF.

Contrast-detect AF anywhere in frame; the D3400 selects the focus point automatically when face-priority AF or subject-tracking AF is selected.

 

LCD Monitor

3" (76 mm) diagonal.

921,000 dots VGA.

170º viewing angle.

Does not swivel.

 

Connectors

Type C mini-pin HDMI.

USB.

 

Bluetooth

v 4.1.

Rated 32 ft/10m range, line of sight.

 

Storage

One SD, SDHC or SDXC card.

 

Power & Battery

Rated 1,200 shots, no bluetooth, CIPA (every other shot made with full-power flash).

EN-EL14a rechargeable Li-ion battery: 7.2V 1,230 mAh, 8.9 Wh.

This is the same battery and charger as the D3300, D5500, D5300 and D5200 and is similar to the EN-EL14 of the D5200, D5100, D3100 and P7000.

 

Nikon EN-EL14a

EN-EL14a battery. bigger.

 

MH 24 Charger

Nikon folding-plug MH-24 charger. enlarge.

The MH-24 charger has a folding unpolarised USA plug, as a charger should. It's much better than the clumsy abortions like the MH-25 we use with the D810 and D610 etc.

Optional EH-5b AC Adapter, which also needs an EP-5A Power Connector.

 

Size

3.9 x 4.9 x 3.0 inches HWD

98 x 124 x 75.5 millimeters HWD.

 

Weight

Rated 15.7 oz. (445 g) with battery and card.

Rated 14 oz. (395 g) stripped.

 

Environment

Operating

0 ~ 40 º C (32 ~ 104 º F).

Up to 85 % RH.

 

Included

D3400 with BF-1B Body Cap.

EN-EL14a Rechargeable Li-ion Battery with terminal cover.

MH-24 Battery Charger.

DK-25 Rubber Eyecup.

AN-DC3 Camera Strap.

 

Announced

Wednesday, 17 August 2016, 12:01 AM NYC time.

 

Promised for

Early September 2016.

 

Price, USA

August 2016

$647 with 18-55mm VR AF-P lens.

$997 as a kit with both the new 18-55mm VR AF-P and new 70-300mm DX VR AF-P lenses.

 

Performance

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Performance   Recommendations   More

 

Considering it's the same as a D3300 with a weaker flash but a new Bluetooth system, I direct you to my D3300 Performance section. I expect the D3400 is identical except for the new Bluetooth and weaker flash with faster recycling time.

 

Recommendations

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Performance   Recommendations   More

The D3400 is a great little camera, especially if you want a small DSLR that can send its images to your phone.

If you don't need Bluetooth or don't want to send your images to your phone, then last year's D3300 is much better, with a much more powerful flash, external mic-in socket and a sensor cleaner, for less money. Battery life is the same in actual shooting; any improvement comes at the expense of under-exposed flash or fill-flash photos.

I'd get my D3400 complete with lens at Adorama, also in red, or at B&H, also in red. It also comes as a kit with both the new 18-55mm VR AF-P and new 70-300mm DX VR AF-P lenses at Adorama, and at B&H.

This ad-free website's biggest source of support is when you use those or any of these links to approved sources when you get anything, regardless of the country in which you live. Nikon does not seal its boxes in any way, so never buy at retail or any other source not on my personally approved list since you'll have no way of knowing if you're missing accessories, getting a defective, damaged, returned, store demo or used camera. I use the stores I do because they ship from secure remote warehouses where no one gets to touch your new camera before you do. Buy only from the approved sources I use myself for the best prices, service, return policies and selection.

Thanks for helping me help you!

Ken, Mrs. Rockwell, Ryan and Katie.

 

More Information

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Performance   Recommendations   More

 

Nikon's D3400 page.

 

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17 August 2016